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Midterm Examination

TOPICS  & FORMS OF QUESTIONS

The date and time of examination, insyaAllah, will be informed later.  Let’s study! Together striving towards  MUMTAZ!! InsyaAllah.


Important points in volume 1 (MICROBIOLOGY)
Below are the important points from Dr Ahmad Shaheen , HOD of MICROBIOLOGY. However, we encouraged all our dear friends to use the time given to read the whole book. Take the opportunity to learn and understand as much as we can. Great students, InsyaAllah, will be able to face everything.
1.       Page 5 – chemical composition,  function of cell wall, cell wall deficient bacteria
2.       Page 6 – cytoplasmic membrane, mesosomes
3.       Page 7 – ribosomes, plasmid
4.       Page 8 – non basic structure of the bacterial cell (short notes)
5.       Page 12 – gaseous requirement
6.       Page 14 – bacteria growth curve
7.       Page 16 – bacteriophage (short account)
8.       Page 19 – practical application using phage
9.       Page 22 – bacterial properties carried on plasmids, transposons
10.   Page 23 – gene expression
11.   Page 26 – gene transfer
12.   Page 33 – application of recombinant DNA techniques
13.   Page 44 – antimicrobial chemotherapy (terminology)
14.   Page 47 – mechanism of action of antimicrobial agents, mechanism of antimicrobial resistance
15.   Page 48 – origin of resistance to antimicrobial agents
16.   Page 49 – complication of antimicrobial agents
17.   Page 52 – sterilization & disinfection (definition, importance)
18.   Page 53 – chemical disinfection
19.   Page 54 – examples of commonly use disinfectant
20.   Page 56 – sterilization (definition)
21.   Page 62 – factors that govern disease production
22.   Page 64 – differences between exotoxin & endotoxin
23.   Page 65 – immunity (functional division of immune system)
24.   Page 66 – component of non specific (innate) immune response
25.   Page 71 – phagocytosis
26.   Page 75 – factors influencing antigenicity & immunogenicity
27.   Page 76 – heterophils antigens
28.   Page 78 – cell of immune response
29.   Page 81 – superantigens
30.   Page 82 – antibody & humoral immune response
31.   Page 90 – primary & secondary antibody response
32.   Page 92 – monoclonal antibody (definition)
33.   Page 94 – complement
34.   Page 97 –  Ag Ab reaction
35.   Page 101 – types of agglutination reaction
36.   Page 106 – ELISA
37.   Page 108 – cell mediated immune response responsible for:
38.   Page 110 – IFN & TNF
39.   Page 113 – antibacterial immunity
40.   Page 117 – tumor immunology
41.   Page 122 – immunoprophylaxis
42.   Page 126 – hypersensitivity reactions
43.   Page 135 – MHC & transplantation (definition)
44.   Page 138 – types of graft rejection
45.   Page 141 – tolerance & autoimmune disease (definition)
Types of question – short notes/ accounts/ definition. InsyaAllah, there will be 30 questions, each question give 1 mark.

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